Special considerations in distracted driving with teens

Durbin, D. R., McGehee, D. V., Fisher, D., and McCartt, A.
National Institutes of Health

This literature review highlighted five of the reasons that teen drivers are a distinct group of drivers. It also explored the role that parents can have to influence teen attitudes and behaviours related to distracted driving, and the impact of laws designed to prevent mobile device use by teen drivers. The five unique qualities of teen drivers that were presented in this review included:

  • the prevalence and risks of mobile use;
  • teens as novice drivers;
  • the effect of peer passengers;
  • the role of families; and,
  • US laws limiting mobile device use by teen drivers.

Authors recommended that further research on teen drivers and distracted driving is undertaken to increase understanding of how different examples of secondary task engagement by teen drivers impacts their driving performance or crash risk. In addition, research is also needed in terms of understanding the respective roles of parents, peers and technology in shaping teen driver behaviour. The effects of public policy to mitigate distracted driving crash risk among teens should also be evaluated.

Reference
Durbin, D. R., McGehee, D. V., Fisher, D., & McCartt, A. (2014). Special considerations in distracted driving with teens. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 58, 69.