This literature review focused on the problem of distracted driving types of distraction, enforcement trends, the investigation and charging of distracted driving cases, and proving the distracted driving case. In particular, the procedures of investigating and charging distracted drivers, including a description of what is needed in order to successfully charge and offenders was explored. This included the collection of evidence, testimonies, and witnesses. Authors highlighted that without a thorough investigation of the crash and all the surrounding circumstances, prosecutors may have difficulty proving that distraction caused the crash. It was concluded that it is crucial that law enforcement is trained properly on these procedures.
National Traffic Law Center. (2017, May). Investigation and prosecution of distracted driving cases (Report No. DOT HS 812 407). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.