This literature review explored the relationship between crash risk and a driver’s situation awareness. To examine this relationship, the authors examined several psychological processes dubbed SPIDER – scanning the driving environment, predicting and anticipating hazards, identifying potential hazards in the driving scene as they occur, deciding on an action, and executing an appropriate response. By employing an order-of-processing model, the SPIDER-relevant processes are used to predict the likelihood of a crash when the driver is distracted by a secondary task.
Fisher, D. L., & Strayer, D. L. (2014). Modeling situation awareness and crash risk. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 58, 33.